Nanotechnologies

Holders: Prof. Kalin Mitjan

Subject description

Pre-knowledge:

Fundamental knowledge of university physics, chemistry and materials for engineers.

Requirements to attend and complete the course:

The execution of study obligations is defined in the Rules on testing and grading the knowledge of students at UL FS.
At least 80 % presence at organised tutorials and exercises is required.
The condition for admission to exam is a passing grade at laboratory exercises and tutorials.

Content (Syllabus outline):

  1. Introduction to nanotechnologies
  2. The fundamental principles of nanoworld
  3. Building and assembling nanostructures
  4. Characterisation of nanostructures
  5. Nanomaterials
  6. Properties of nanomaterials
  7. The fundamentals of nanoscale modeling
  8. Health and legal aspects
  9. Examples, concepts, application and development of nanotechnologies

Objectives and competences:

Goals:
The Nanotechnologies course acquaints the students in detail about the various fields, development and opportunities provided by the nanotechnologies in product design and development. Nanotechnologies are one of the latest and emerging fields, which are still finding their role in design. This goes especially for numerous new materials, their properties and the possibilities of use. The students will first learn the differences between the macro- and nano-world, as well as why the nanostructures are so different from the macroscopic structures. The basic conceptual differences and characteristics offered by the nanostructures will be derived from this starting point. Further on, the students will learn about the ways of creating nanostructures, as well as the available options for controlling and monitoring these structures. This is followed by an overview of tools for the characterisation of nanostructures or elements based on them. Thereafter comes a detailed overview of nanomaterials, presenting both their application as the basic building blocks of elements and composites, and as coatings and nanoparticle inclusions in different smart materials. The key nanomechanical properties and other physical properties, enabled by the nanomaterials, will be presented in detail. A special emphasis will also be placed on boundary surface films and their application, significance and physical-chemical properties. The students will also be presented briefly with the options of modeling by different principles, the latter being an important factor of support to the nanotechnologies due to the very nature of the phenomena and the problems of macroevaluation of developmental achievements. Nanotechnologies are also related to health risks, so the students will learn how to act and work appropriately in the development and manufacturing processes. The regulations will be presented, too. The course concludes with an overview of some applications of nanotechnologies, nanomaterials and nanoconcepts in different industries, highlighting the practical opportunities for the use of nanotechnologies and giving the students ideas how to use the nanotechnologies in their own design, research and development processes.

Competences:
The students will be qualified for an autonomous and critical evaluation of the possible uses and upgrades to classical technologies and materials using nanotechnologies and nanomaterials in the development of new products, so they will be able to identify the critical elements and their properties themselves, and to compare and select them according to the criteria of best results and properties, by combining two entirely different concepts. The course gives the students a comprehensive overview of the new field and new possibilities, which cannot be obtained in any other course due to the specific nature of nanotechnologies and nanoengineering.

 

Intended learning outcomes:

Knowledge and understanding
Upon the successful completion of study obligations, the students will be able to:

  • understand the significance and the possibilities of using nanotechnologies in the design and manufacturing process
  • consider the possibilities of nanotechnologies and nanomaterial properties
  • distinguish and consider the properties, advantages and disadvantages of materials on the nano and macro level
  • identify the problems in the introduction of nanotechnologies to design processes and product manufacturing
  • properly treat nanotechnologies from the viewpoint of health security
  • analyse and consider the possibilities for the integration of nanotechnologies into existing and new products in various fields.

Usage
The students will be able to use the assimilated knowledge and its methodical steps in the development of new technical systems. They will be able to assess the capabilities of classical technologies and materials and compare them to the new principles of nanotechnologies and resulting potential properties of materials and products. They will know the opportunities and benefits offered by the nanotechnologies, as well as the related problems. They will be able to evaluate the advantages and the disadvantages of the decision for the one or the other concept or material. The students will exhibit a considerably greater technical, economical and general breadth in their developmental decisions.

Reflection
Based on the acquired knowledge, the students will reasonably evaluate the possibilities of different technologies, the properties of various materials and surfaces, their price and manufacturing processes, thereby determining the developmental or research priorities and opportunities, making better informed decisions with a greater chance of finding the optimal solution.

Transferrable skills – related to more than one course
The students will obtain the breadth and the understanding of available options in determining and selecting the mechanical and physical-chemical properties of materials and surfaces, the possibilities of their technical application and the possibilities of development for a versatile product improvement using the latest concepts, which can sometimes enable a quantum leap to a completely different quality.

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