Assembly and Handling Systems

Holders: Prof. Herakovič Niko, Assist. Prof. Šimic Marko

Subject description


The condition for admission to exam is a passing grade for exercises and other individual assignments.

Content (Syllabus outline):

  • The overview and role of assembly and handling systems (AaHS) in the production process.
  • Fundamentals of product assembly and digital twin of the 3rd level of product, digitalization of the process in the value chain. Economical aspects of AaHS automation.
  • Ergonomics and the design of manual working assembly stations with the help of simulation tools.
  • Planning of the assembly process with the product management system support. Value stream mapping (VSM) of the production process. Basic Lean concepts in the assembly and handling systems, Pull and Push assembly principle, Kanban.
  • Logistics activities in the assembly and handling processes. Modelling, simulation and optimization of logistics systems with computer tools. Identification in production process, RFID.
  • Handling and production systems – warehouse concepts and storage systems, traceability of the product through the value chain, raising the efficiency by using the digital twins.
  • Concepts, properties and influences of internal transport, internal logistics and transport systems in assembly processes. Raising the efficiency by using the digital twins
  • Improvement and simplification of assembly and handling system through analysis and redesign of a product and assembly/handling process.
  • Concepts and influence of modular design of products on the assembly and handling process and system, advantages and disadvantages.
  • Industry 4.0 in assembly and handling field and modern technologies in this area. Smart factory and the production of the future.
  • Key technologies of Industry 4.0 in assembly and handling systems and processes.
  • Implementation of industrial robots, collaborative robots, smart grippers, self-configuration of robot cells, machine vision, automated guided vehicles (AGVs), virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) in the assembly and handling systems.

Objectives and competences:


  • To teach the students the fundamentals of assembly and handling processes and systems (AaHSP) with a focus on digitization.
  • Acquisition of basic knowledge basics of the methodology of selection, design, analysis and evaluation of automated assembly and handling systems (AaHS) and their integration into the entire production process.
  • Acquisition the basics of drafting and designing assembly and handling processes in accordance with the LEAN methodology.
  • Use of basic concepts of logistically oriented assembly and handling systems, including with internal storage and transportation.


  • Understanding the role of assembly and handling systems and processes in production and the concepts of their digitization in light of I4.0.
  • Ability to select, design, analyse and evaluate automated and robotic AaHS, and integrate them into the production process.
  • Understanding and ability to design assembly and handling processes and systems according to Lean principles and using Digital Lean methods.
  • Ability to design efficient logistics processes in conceptualizing the layout and process of assembly and handling.

Intended learning outcomes:

Knowledge and understanding

A student knows and understands: the basics of automated assembly and handling systems and processes (AaHSP), the laws of operation and models, their structures, relationships, and the application of robots in automated AaHSP. The acquired knowledge is used by the student to holistically address the conception and optimization of AaHSP, to draft and design them in order to maximize the efficiency of processes and utilization of assembly and handling resources.


The students use the knowledge attained for planning and analysing AaHS, as well as for the integration thereof into the production process.


Using the presented methodologies and technologies in solving real problems.
Transferrable skills – related to more than one course
Using domestic and foreign literature.
Problem identification and methods of problem solving.
The ability to plan and manage projects focused on designing assembly and handling systems.

back to list