Measuring Everything You've Always Wanted to Know About a Light Pulse

dne 27.09.2019

Fakulteta za strojništvo - Leskovarjeva soba - Univerza v Ljubljani, Fakulteta za strojništvo

Vabimo vas na predavanje prof. dr. Ricka Trebina (Georgia Institute of Technology, USA) z naslovom “Measuring Everything You've Always Wanted to Know About a Light Pulse”

Title: “Measuring Everything You've Always Wanted to Know About a Light Pulse”

The vast majority of the greatest scientific discoveries of all time have resulted directly from more powerful techniques for measuring light.  Indeed, our most important source of information about our universe is light, and our ability to extract information from it is limited only by our ability to measure it.

Interestingly, most of the light in our universe remains immeasurable, involving long pulses of relatively broadband light, necessarily involving ultrafast and extremely complex temporal variations in their intensity and phase. As a result, it is important to develop techniques for measuring, ever more completely, light with ever more complex submicron detail in space and ever more complex ultrafast variations in time. The problem is severely complicated by the fact that the timescales involved correspond to the shortest events ever created, and measuring an event in time seems to require a shorter one, which, by definition, doesn’t exist!

Nevertheless, we have developed simple, elegant techniques for completely measuring such light, using the light to measure itself and yielding a light pulse's intensity and phase vs. time and space. One technique involves making an optical spectrogram of the pulse using a nonlinear optical medium and whose mathematics is equivalent to the two-dimensional phase-retrieval problem—a problem that’s solvable only because the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra fails for polynomials of two variables. In addition, we have recently developed simple methods for measuring the complete spatio-temporal electric field [E(x,y,z,t)] of an arbitrary, potentially complex light pulse without the need to average over multiple pulses. 

About the lecturer:

Rick Trebino is the Georgia Research Alliance-Eminent Scholar Chair of Ultrafast Optical Physics at the School of Physics at the Georgia Institute of Technology.  His research focuses on the use and measurement of ultrashort laser pulses.  He is best known for his invention and development of Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating (FROG), the first general method for measuring the intensity and phase evolution of an ultrashort laser pulse, and which is the standard technique for measuring such pulses.  He has also invented techniques for measuring the complete intensity and phase of ultraweak ultrashort pulses, ultracomplex pulses, ultrafast polarization variation, and ultrashort pulses in space and time. He has also developed pulse compressors and a general theory of spatio-temporal distortions of ultrashort pulses.  He has won numberous awards and is a Fellow of OSA, SPIE, APS, and AAAS. 


Vljudno vabljeni!


Izr. prof. dr. Rok Petkovšek                                                                       

Vodja Laboratorija za fotoniko in laserske sisteme                                              

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